What is Stress Urinary Incontinence?
Urinary stress incontinence, sometimes referred to as effort incontinence, takes place when abdominal pressure is put on the bladder due to common movements or activities such as sneezing, coughing, lifting or even laughing. Variable amounts of urinary leakage (from a drop to a small stream) may occur when this pressure is put on weakened pelvic muscles that support the bladder.
Unlike the overflow type, stress urinary incontinence is a health condition that largely occurs among females, affecting nearly 15 million adult women in the United States. You’re not alone if you think this type of UI pertains to you – stress incontinence is the most frequent type of urinary incontinence impacting women today.
The primary symptom of this type of urinary incontinence is minor to moderate urinary leakage when abdominal pressure is put upon the bladder. Many basic activities or exertions can cause such pressure, some involuntary (coughing or sneezing) and some integral to our quality of life (aerobics, running, general exercise) and general health.
Weight loss and quitting smoking have been reported to greatly reduce the incidence of stress incontinence…Today there are is a wide range of treatment approaches to incontinence in women, from lifestyle and health changes to exercise to surgical options. Weight loss and quitting smoking have been reported to greatly reduce the incidence of the stress type of incontinence, as have reducing your general overall consumption of liquid, caffeine, spicy foods and alcohol.
In terms of exercises, the most frequently employed and most beneficial approach for women under 60 are Kegel exercises. Kegels specifically target the pelvic muscles. Over time, building the strength back up in your pelvic floor and sphincter muscles has been shown to dramatically reduce urinary leakage due to women incontinence.
Surgical options, commonly used for more severe cases of leakage, may include urethropexy, vaginal slings or transvaginal tape.
Diapers and Pads
Finally, for topical alleviation of stress urinary incontinence, there are a number of absorbent undergarments and adult diapers on the market to help keep you feeling cool and confident.